A Study on the Correlation between Health-related Behavior and Medical Ecology Use of Urban Aged Group

Qingfeng Bu, E Xie

Ekoloji, 2018, Issue 106, Pages: 471-476, Article No: e106039


Download Full Text (PDF)


The advance of health technology and reducing fatality rate increase aged population annually. Along with the changes in population structure and the public lifestyles, suffering from chronic illnesses become a primary factor in national health. Chronic illnesses are the major cause of death and suffering from illness of the aged. Health-related behavior of the aged, along with the concept of health promotion being gradually accepted by the public, is also emphasized by the public because of the huge effects on health. Aiming at the aged group in Shanghai, total 500 copies of questionnaire are distributed in this study, and 396 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 79%. The research results show 1. significantly negative effects of health promotion behavior on outpatient visits, 2. remarkably negative effects of health promotion behavior on hospitalization days, 3. notably positive effects of health hazard behavior on outpatient visits, and 4. significantly negative effects of health hazard behavior on hospitalization days. According to the results, suggestions are proposed, expecting that the public could be healthily aging and healthily live as well as to create healthy environment and promote the public health.


the aged group, health-related behavior, medical ecology use


  • Abeer M, Nassar OS, Amre HM, Hamdan-Mansour AM (2015) Factor Affecting Health-Promoting Behaviors of University Students in Jordan. Health, (7): 1-8.
  • Asp M, Simonsson B, Larm P, Molarius A (2017) Physical mobility, physical activity, and obesity among elderly: findings from a large population-based Swedish survey. Public Health, 147: 84-91.
  • Bahreynian M, Qorbani M, Khaniabadi BM, Motlagh ME, Safari O, Asayesh H, Kelishadi R (2017) Association between Obesity and Parental Weight Status in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 9(2): 111-117.
  • Chahine LM, Amara Videnovic AW, Videnovic A (2016) A systematic review of the literature on disorders of sleep and wakefulness in Parkinson’s disease from 2005 to 2015. Sleep Med Rev 2017 Oct, 35: 33-50.
  • Chang Y-C, Lu M-C, Hu I-H, Wu W-CI, Hu SC (2017) Effects of different amounts of exercise on preventing depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: a prospective cohort study in Taiwan. BMJ open, 7(4): e014256.
  • Drope F, Schluger N, Cahn Z, Drope J, Hamill S, Gomeshtapeh F, . . . Stoklosa M (2018) The Tobacco Atlas (Sixth Edition ed.). Atlanta, Georgia 30303 USA: American Cancer Society, Inc.
  • Duong TV, Aringazina A, Baisunova G, Pham TV, Pham KM, Truong TQ, . . . Su TT (2017) Measuring health literacy in Asia: Validation of the HLS-EU-Q47 survey tool in six Asian countries. Journal of epidemiology, 27(2): 80-86.
  • Eriksen M, Mackay J, Schluger N, Gomeshtapeh FI, Drope J (2015) The Tobacco Atlas (5th edition ed.): the American Cancer Society.
  • Fernandez DM, Larson JL, Zikmund-Fisher BJ (2016) Associations between health literacy and preventive health behaviors among older adults: findings from the health and retirement study. BMC Public Health, 16(1): 596.
  • Hoover DS, Vidrine JI, Shete S, Spears CA, Cano MA, Correa-Fernández V, . . . McNeill LH (2015) Health literacy, smoking, and health indicators in African American adults. Journal of health communication, 20(sup2): 24-33.
  • Langellier BA, Chen J, Vargas-Bustamante A, Inkelas M, Ortega AN (2016) Understanding health-care access and utilization disparities among Latino children in the United States. Journal of child health care, 20(2): 133-144.
  • Lindson-Hawley N, Thompson TP, Begh R (2015) Motivational interviewing for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3).
  • Liu Y-B, Liu L, Li Y-F, Chen Y-L (2015) Relationship between Health Literacy, Health-Related Behaviors and Health Status: A Survey of Elderly Chinese. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(8): 9714-9725.
  • Merianos AL, Stough CO, Nabors LA, Mahabee-Gittens EM (2017) Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Health-Care Utilization among Children in the United States. American Journal of Health Promotion. Prepublished online.
  • Morgan KL, Rahman MA, Hill RA, Khanom A, Lyons RA, Brophy ST (2015) Obesity in pregnancy: infant health service utilisation and costs on the NHS. BMJ Open, 5(11): e008357.
  • Patel S, Dowse R (2015) Understanding the medicines information‐seeking behaviour and information needs of South African long‐term patients with limited literacy skills. Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy, 18(5): 1494-1507.
  • Rutsaert P, et al. (2015) Beyond information seeking: Consumers’ online deliberation about the risks and benefits of red meat. Food Quality & Preference, 39: 191-201.
  • Shadman Z, et al. (2016) Association of Major Dietary Patterns with Cardio-metabolic Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.Iran J Public Health, 2016 Nov: 45(11): 1491-1501.
  • Stead LF, Koilpillai P, Fanshawe TR, Lancaster T (2016) Combined pharmacotherapy and behavioural interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3).
  • Stead LF, Koilpillai P, Lancaster T (2015) Additional behavioural support as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (10).
  • Tan X, Alen M, Wiklund P, Partinen M, Cheng S (2016) Effects-of aerobic exercise on-home-based sleep among overweight and obese men with chronic insomnia symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. Sleep Med. 2016 Sep, 25: 113-121.
  • Tong EK, Saw A, Fung L-C, Li C-S, Liu Y, Tsoh JY (2018) Impact of a smoke-free–living educational intervention for smokers and household nonsmokers: A randomized trial of Chinese American pairs. Cancer, 124(S7): 1590-1598.
  • Xiao Q, Gu F, Caporaso N, Matthews CE (2016) BMC Obes Relationship between sleep characteristics and measures of body size and composition in a nationally-representative sample 2016 Nov 11, 3: 48.
  • Yang Y, Shin JC, Li D, An R (2016) Sedentary Behavior and Sleep Problems: a Systematic Review and Meta- Analysis. Int J Behav Med, 2016 Nov 9.
  • Yokokawa H, Yuasa M, Sanada H, Hisaoka T, Fukuda H (2015) Age- and Sex-Specific Impact of Health Literacy on Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics among Japanese Residents in a Rural Community. Health, 7(6): 679-688.
  • Zhang Y, Zhou Z, Si Y (2017) The role of parental health care utilization in children’s unnecessary utilization in China: evidence from Shaanxi province. International Journal for Equity in Health, 16(1).