Discussion on Critical Factors in Passenger Evacuation based on the Environment Management of Metro Stations – A Case of Shanghai

De-Qiang Liu, Shao-Rong Sun, Zhi-Wang Qian

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 359-364, Article No: e107046


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The convenient, rapid, and economical metro has become the transportation for people fast moving in the city, releasing the long-term traffic problem, improving the urban traffic flow and function, and enhancing the boom of downtown and the satellite towns. Metro stations therefore become the important nodes for crowds’ gathering, dispersion, and transit. The past experience revealed that a lot of passengers could not find reference for evacuation when disasters occurred, but searched routes for evacuation by themselves, to result in delayed evacuation. Moreover, the lack of effective integration of disaster prevention functions of fire disaster rescue, police directing, medical care, and material delivery could easily cause the waste of rescue resources and seriously affect rescue time. Aiming at metro passengers in Shanghai, total 500 copies of questionnaire are distributed, and 378 valid copies are retrieved, with the retrieval rate 76%. The research results are summarized as followings. 1. “Public awareness” is mostly emphasized among the evaluation dimensions in hierarchy 2, followed by “environment design” and “policy actions”. 2. The overall weight of the evaluation indicators reveals top 5 indicators, among 13 ones, as risk perception, sign system, confidence in government, disaster experience, and smooth traffic flow. According to the results, suggestions are proposed, expecting to enhance the quality of environment safety in metro, guarantee the life safety of metro passengers, and better complete the mass transit safety system.


environment perspective, evacuation, critical factor


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