Improving Safety Culture: Positive Environmental Impacts of Information Delivery to Foreign Workers

Nurul Azita Salleh, Kamal Ab Hamid, Mohd Nasrun Mohd Nawi, Suzana Abd. Mutalib

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 123-127, Article No: e107004


Download Full Text (PDF)


The present research strives to improve safety cultures to reduce work-related injuries in the hazardous environment of the construction industry for foreign workers using a training course. It focuses on developing a framework for needs of information delivery used by foreign workers based on misunderstanding problem in, Health, Safety and Environment Induction Training (HSEIT). The aim of this study is to discover the needs and redevelop a framework for information delivery for foreign workers in the course. This study has been carried out using quantitative approach with convenient sampling. The respondents are foreign workers who are involved in construction works in a natural environment. They are trained how to protect themselves against hazardous environmental and ecological events. Research findings revealed that among the needs for information delivery by the foreign workers in training course include printed text in their own language for the notes, books, booklets; oral delivery is also expected to be in their own language, which includes face-to-face delivery, slides, film, and video. This is found to be very beneficial when they confront dangerous environmental risks. Also, they need printed visual materials like notes as well as video. In overall, the needs framework is able to greatly impact and contribute in construction industry, in which it could be the guidelines and alternative reference for various parties like the course instructors, safety officer, and the Construction Industry and Development Board (CIDB). In fact, the environmental framework is able to increase the gained information and understanding in satisfying the needs of the foreign workers in the natural site besides advancing the instructors’ delivery of the contents in training course and eliminating the language barrier in HSEIT. It is also potential to help the CIDB achieving the course objective and increase the safety performance in open environments as well as the safety awareness among foreign workers. The findings of the study indicate that the training has played a role in decreased work-related injuries and changing attitudes to safety training.


safety culture, training course, open environments, foreign worker


  • Al-esami, H. H., AL-Ramadhan, Z., AL-Sarraj, Z. S. A., Farhan, F. K (2018) Improve the surface hardness of the blend PMMA / n- MgTiO3 to resist caries and bacteria. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 15(6), em91.
  • Ananthan V (2014) Communication barrier in Malaysia construction sites, International Journal of Education and Research, 2(1): 1-10.
  • Bust PD, Gibb AG, Pink S (2008) Managing construction health and safety: Migrant workers and communicating safety messages, Safety Science, 46(4): 585-602.
  • Cheng CW, Wu TC (2013) An investigation and analysis of major accidents involving foreign workers in Taiwan’s manufacture and construction industries, Safety science, 57: 223-235.
  • Creswell JW, Clark VLP (2007) Designing and conducting mixed methods research.
  • Edwards DJ, Holt GD (2008) Construction workers’ health and safety knowledge: Initial observations on some test-result data, Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 6(1): 65-80.
  • Hamid ARA, Majid MZA, Singh B (2008) Causes of accidents at construction sites, Malaysian journal of civil engineering, 20(2): 242-259.
  • Loosemore M, Andonakis N (2007) Barriers to implementing OHS reforms–The experiences of small subcontractors in the Australian Construction Industry. International Journal of Project Management, 25(6): 579-588.
  • Md Zyadi MT, Azmafazilah J, Norain Mod A, Izhan HK (2009) Sumbangan Sektor Pembinaan Keewangan dan Infrastruktur Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi : Kajian Kes ASEAN 4, Prosiding (PERKEM) IV, Jld. 1: 57-76.
  • Mujiyanto, A (2007) Penggunaan Media Pendidikan pada Pengajaran Matematika di Sekolah Menengah. Retrieved from
  • Nurul Azita S, Kamal AH, Mohd Nasrun MN, Muhammad Nazrin SZ, Suzana AM (2014) Medium penyampaian maklumat sedia ada bagi pekerja asing dalam kursus keselamatan industri pembinaan Malaysia: satu perbincangan, Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 12(1): 85-90.
  • O’connor T, Loomis D, Runyan C, dal Santo JA, Schulman M (2005) Adequacy of health and safety training among young Latino construction workers, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 47(3): 272-277.
  • Patel GF, Vekariya NR, Dholakiya RB (2010) Estimation of aspirin and atorvastatin calcium in combine dosage form using derivative spectrophotometric Method, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2(1): 62-66.
  • Robotham G (2001) Safety training that works, Professional Safety, 46(5): 33.
  • Salleh NA (2014) Pembangunan perisian multimedia dwibahasa (IM-SmartSAFETY) untuk pekerja asing bagi kursus keselamatan industri pembinaan Malaysia (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia).
  • Saunders M, Lewis P, Thornhill A (2012) Research methods for business students, 6th Edition, Pearson Education Limited.
  • Shafii H, Musa SMS, Ghazali NM (2009) Masalah buruh asing dalam industri pembinaan dari perspektif kontraktor: Kajian kes di Johor Bharu, Johor, Malaysia Labour Review, 3(1): 163-191.
  • Tel H, Ertekin Pinar S, Daglar G (2018) Effects of Home Visits and Planned Education on Mothers’ Postpartum Depression and Quality of Life. J Clin Exp Invest, 9(3):119-25.