Investigation of the Presence of Mutagens in the Coastal Part of Lake Senezh near the Highway

Irina A. Glebova, Dmitry L. Nikiforov-Nikishin, Alexander V. Gorbunov, Alexander V. Kozlov, Tatyana G. Gybina, Natalia A. Zaitseva, Anna A. Larionova

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 385-390, Article No: e107049


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The relevance of the study is determined by the need to improve the methods used to assess the presence of mutagens in the coastal parts of natural and artificial reservoirs located in the immediate vicinity of the highway. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of mutagens in the coastal part of Lake Senezh near the highway. The work carried out relates to the field of genetic ecology of water bodies, therefore, to study the toxicity of water, models that covered two levels of the effects of genotoxicants on hydrobionts were used: genomic and gene. Gene level of exposure was determined by Ames test. According to the results of the study, it is shown that both at the chromosomal and genetic level, after the exposure of test objects in the samples of water from the city Bay, mutations are revealed that genotoxicants enter the water from the highway running along the very shore of the lake and having no stormwater runoff collections. And studies to increase the size of somatid-like particles in the blood of fish also indicate that among these toxicants in the coastal areas of the lake there are carcinogens. The study of water from the central region of the lake showed that no effect of genotoxicants was observed at all genetic levels. The materials of the article will be useful for regional and federal authorities dealing with the presence of mutagens in artificial and natural reservoirs. The described assessment techniques in the coastal part of the analyzed lake can be used when conducting similar studies in other regions.


mutagens, genetic ecology of water bodies, carcinogenic substances, Lake Senezh


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