The Effect of Long Transportation Stress on Young Calves Born from Cows and Animal Ecology

Natalia Kukharenko, Anastasia Fedorovа

Ekoloji, 2018, Issue 106, Pages: 293-299, Article No: e106043


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This article deals with the stress effect of long transportation, experienced by young calves born from cows on arrival to animal ecology located in the Amur Region. The stress effect is associated specifically with the duration of transport. This article analyses the newborn calves from the perspective of different ecological factors; their general condition, stillbirth, and patterns of body weight change. As it was revealed, long-term effect of transport stress in pregnant cattle causes negative response of not only female adults, but also the fetuses. By negative, one should understand abortions (7%), stillbirth (9.3%) and birth of hypotrophic baby calves (10.3%). With abortions and stillbirths (13.3%), only 86.7% of calves were born alive. The growth pattern of newly born calves was found to be linked to the effect of transport duration on their mothers, which causes the adults to give birth to lightweight calves, and baby calves to gain less in average daily weight.


calves, animal ecology, transport, stress


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