The Influence of Anthropogenic Factors on the Ecological Status of the Spawning Grounds of Lake Senezh

Alexey L. Nikiforov-Nikishin, Mikhail V. Shatokhin, Andrey K. Ponomarev, Natalia A. Golovacheva, Alexey L. Borodin, Natalia A. Zaitseva, Anna A. Larionova

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 341-348, Article No: e107045


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The relevance of the study of the influence of anthropogenic factors on the ecological state of artificial and natural water bodies is determined by the increasing level of pollution of lakes, reservoirs and ponds. The greatest negative load is noted in the territories adjacent to large megacities, including Moscow. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of anthropogenic factors on the ecological status of the spawning grounds of Lake Senezh. The paper presents the results of a differentiated analysis of the hydrocarbon content in a rainfall runoff from Timonovsky Highway, washed away from the carriageway and dam to Lake Senezh. According to the results of the study, an assessment was made of the environmental consequences of mistakes in the design of roads surrounding Lake Senezh, the ratio of dissolved and undissolved parts of petroleum products sediment and crumb rubber, each of which harms developing fish eggs on spawning grounds and directly to higher aquatic plants, as a substrate for spawning grounds, assessment of the presence and state of plankton organisms in this lake has been carried out. Recommendations, the implementation of which is necessary to preserve natural spawning grounds, improve the conditions for the reproduction of fish and increase their reserves in Lake Senezh, were developed. The materials of the article will be useful for regional and federal authorities involved in the conservation of biological systems of artificial and natural water bodies. The described methods for assessing the impact of anthropogenic factors on the ecological status of the spawning grounds of the analyzed lake can be used when conducting similar studies in other regions.


Lake Senezh, anthropogenic factors, ecological status, petroleum products, polycyclic hydrocarbons, benzopyrene, macrophytes, zoogles, spawning grounds


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