Trees and Shrubs as Landscape Structure Elements of the Western Kazakhstan

Kazhmurat M. Akhmedenov

Ekoloji, 2017, Issue 101, Pages: 1-10, Article No: e101001


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The purpose of this article is to analyze the environment of the Western Kazakhstan desert and steppe biota in order to select tree and shrub species with good prospects for a large-scale succession in the desert. We have analyzed the tree and shrub species available in the Western Kazakhstan in order to identify a group of species suitable for desert lands. The specific feature of our subject matter is that the problem of desert advancing is imposed by the problem of global warming and increasing of the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. We have considered the current status of forest fund and assessed the agro-forestry potential of the West Kazakhstan Region. The article identifies the main stages of silvicultural activity. Forest ecosystems performing a variety of environmental functions are important elements in the landscape structure in arid regions. The role of their creation, regulation and support is particularly important in the light of climate and social changes. The key attributes of plantation often involve drying processes, brashy wood, pests and diseases, unauthorized logging, changing species, invasion of aggressive species and aesthetic unattractiveness.


landscape, woody vegetation, forest division, ravine forest, land and forest reclamation, arid region, West Kazakhstan Region


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